Gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GCis) versus gemcitabine plus carboplatin (GCarb) in patients with stage IIIB and IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): final results of Czech Lung Cancer Cooperative Group phase III randomized trial
Reviewer: Ryan Smith, MD
The Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania
Last Modified: May 18, 2002
Presenter: L. Novakova Presenter's Affiliation: Czech Lung Cancer Cooperative Group Type of Session: Poster
Advanced non-small cell lung cancer has a poor survival. A majority of the patients fail distantly, with metastatic disease. Gemcitabine has been shown to have significant anti-tumor properties against NSCLC, a disease in which platinum-based chemotherapy has become the standard treatment regimen. This study evaluates gemcitabine in two different platinum based regimens to determine safety and efficacy.
Materials and Methods
176 patients with stage IIIB or IV NSCLC
Arm A: Gemcitabine 1200 mg/m2 d1 and 8 plus cisplatin 80 mg/m2 on d1 in 3 week cycles
Arm B: Gemcitabine 1200 mg/m2 d1 and 8 plus carboplatin AUC 5 on d1 in 3 week cycles
Patients were stratified according to stage (IIIB vs. IV), PS (<80 vs >80), gender
Median followup of approximately 6 months
Median age was 62, median KPS of 90
70 patients had stage IIIB disease, 106 had stage IV disease
>90% of the patients in both regimens received the anticipated dose of chemotherapy
Total time to Progression: GCis-5.6 mo vs. GCarb-6.1 mo
Median Survival was 8.1 months in both groups
Hematologic Toxicity was mild, with <33% of patients having Grade 3/4 hematologic toxicity in any one facet. The only difference between treatment arms was thrombocytopenia (14% GCis vs. 36% GCarb). This did not translate into a significant incidence of bleeding (3% vs 0%).
Nonhematologic toxicity was also mild, with <20% experiencing Grade 3/4 toxicity in any one area. The only difference was in nausea/vomiting with a 16% incidence in the GCis group compared to 4% in the GCarb group.
There was no renal, hepatic, pulmonary, cutaneous, or allergic Grade 3/4 toxicity
Both regimens are well tolerated, with little difference in the toxcity profile between the two treatment arms
There is no difference in time to progression or survival between the two arms
Final toxicity and efficacy data will be available by the end of 2002
Chemotherapy is an important treatment modality for NSCLC both because of radiation sensitizing properties when used in a combined modality treatment plan and the treatment of metastatic disease with chemotherapy alone. This study dealt mainly with the treatment of patients with metastatic disease. These patients have a poor outcome, with overall survival seldom greater than 1 year. This study investigates the use of gemcitabine with two different platinum drugs: cisplatin and carboplatin. As stated by the authors, these regimens were both well tolerated. There was virtually no difference in clinical implications of hematologic toxicities. Notably, the incidence of hematologic toxicity was fairly low in the carboplatin group, historically known for more myelosuppression. In terms of nonhematologic toxicity, the only statistical difference was in the incidence of nausea/vomiting, with carboplatin having significantly less Grade 3/4 n/v. Notably, there was no renal toxicity, historically associated with cisplatin. There was no difference between the two arms in terms of efficacy of treatment. The time to progression and survival times do not seem to be an improvement over historical data, comparing other platinum based treatment regimens (carbotaxol, cisplatin/etoposide, etc). However, because of the mild toxicity profiles, either could be an acceptable regimen in the treatment of metastatic NSCLC.
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Dec 16, 2010 - The addition of ipilimumab to paclitaxel/carboplatin appears to result in superior progression-free survival in patients with stage IIIb/IV non-small-cell lung cancer compared with paclitaxel/carboplatin alone, according to research presented at the 2010 Chicago Multidisciplinary Symposium in Thoracic Oncology, held from Dec. 9 to 11.